Audrey R. Chapman, Ph.D., M. Div., S.T.M.
UConn Health Center Auxiliary/Joseph M. Healey, Jr. Chair in Medical Humanities and Bioethics
Division of public Health Law & bioEthics
A.B., Wellesley College
M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University
M.Div., New York Theological Seminary
S.T.M., Union Theological Seminary
Brief Chronology of Professional Career
Dr. Chapman began her professional career as a faculty member in the Political Science Department at Barnard College. She then spent several years teaching and conducting applied social science research on development issues at institutions in Ghana, Lebanon, and Kenya. When she returned to the U.S., she assumed a position directing peace, justice, and human rights programs for the United Church Board for World Ministries, the international agency of the United Church of Christ, attended seminary, and was ordained as a minister in the denomination. Prior to her appointment at the UConn Health Center, she spent 15 years on the staff of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) as the Director of the Science and Human Rights Program; the founding Director and then Senior Associate for Ethics of the AAAS Program of Dialogue on Science, Ethics, and Religion; and for several years, the Co-Director of the AAAS initiative on Science and Intellectual Property in the Public Interest.
She has been on the faculty of the University of Connecticut
School of Medicine since July 2006 when she assumed her
current appointment as a Professor of Community Medicine and
Healthcare and the Healey Chair in Medical Humanities and
Dr. Chapman is the author, coauthor, or editor of 18 books and numerous articles and reports dealing with ethical, human rights, theological, and intellectual property issues related to health, genetic developments, and pharmaceuticals. She also has published works on economic, social and cultural rights; health care reform; transitional justice; reconciliation; and development issues.
As a Professor in the Division of
Public Health Law and Bioethics and the first Healey
Endowed Chair, she is responsible for developing medical
humanities and health ethics programs at the UConn Health
Dr. Chapman offers courses dealing with public health
ethics, the ethical and regulatory dimensions of novel
therapies and technologies, health and human rights,
spirituality and medicine, and the challenges of end of life
care. She also teaches in team taught courses on health and
human development, the public health dimensions of
genomics, and research ethics in the Medical
School, Graduate Program, and the MPH Program.
While at AAAS, she directed or co-directed a series of projects related to the right to health,
the ethics of stem cell research, inheritable genetic modifications, and behavioral genetics. She also worked on a wide range of issues related to economic, social and cultural rights, some in close cooperation with the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and in collaboration with the UN Special Rapporteur for the Right to the Highest Attainable Level of Health.
While at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine, she
has continued to be involved with several UN related initiatives to develop indicators and to improve the monitoring of economic, social and cultural rights.
At the University of Connecticut School of Medicine,
Professor Chapman has conducted research on ethical issues
related to genomics, human embryonic stem cell and induced pluripotent
stem cell research, and early clinical trials on novel
therapeutics. She completed a pilot project on barriers to
equitable access to genetic testing and services in Connecticut. She continues to work on a variety of health
and human rights issues and is currently writing a book on the
challenges of implementing a rights-based approach to health in
the 21st century. Equity issues related to the social
determinants of health are another research focus, and she has
had grant support from the Canadian Institutes of Health
Research for some of this work. She has also conducted
research on the ethical issues related to the introduction of
noninvasive genetic prenatal pregnancy diagnosis.
Professor Chapman is currently Chair of the University of
Connecticut Embryonic Stem Cell Oversight Committee and is a
member of the John Dempsey Hospital Ethics Committee. While at
the UConn Health Center, she has also served on one of the
Institutional Review Board panels. In addition, she is a Faculty
Affiliate of the Human Rights Institute of the University of
Connecticut and a member of the Gladstein Human Rights
Committee. At the State level, she serves on the Advisory
Committee on Patient Privacy and Security of the Health
Technology Exchange. She is also a member of the Expert Genomics
Advisory Panel of the Connecticut Department of Public Health, the State of Connecticut
Stem Cell Ethics and Law Sub-Committee of the Stem Cell Advisory
She has also served on the Committee on Medical Humanities of
the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, as a Board Member,
of the Society of Christian Ethics, a member of the UNESCO panel
on the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and
its applications, and as a member of the UN
Office of the High Commission for Human Rights’ Expert Working
Group on the Development of Indicators for Monitoring Human
Audrey R. Chapman, ed., Genetics Research
on Addiction: Ethics, the Law, and Public Health, Cambridge
University Press, 2012.
Audrey R. Chapman and Hugo Van der Merwe, Truth and Reconciliation: Did the TRC Deliver?
University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.
Erik Parens, Audrey R. Chapman, and Nancy Press, eds., Wrestling with Behavioral Genetics, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
Audrey R. Chapman and Mark S. Frankel, eds., Designing Our Descendants: Promises and Perils of Genetic Modifications, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.
Audrey R. Chapman and Sage Russell, eds., Core Obligations: Building a Framework for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Intersentia, 2002.
Audrey R. Chapman, Unprecedented Choices: Religious Ethics at the Frontiers of Genetic Science, Augsburg Fortress Press, 1999.
Audrey R. Chapman, “In Defense of the Role
of a Religiously Informed Bioethics,” American Journal
of Bioethics 12, 12 (December 2012): 26-28.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Improving Subject
Safety in High Risk Phase I Trials with Stem Cell-Based
Candidate Therapies,” AJOB Neuroscience, 3, 2
Audrey R. Chapman, “Reciprocal
Responsibilities of Medical Scholarship Students and their
Sponsors,” American Journal of Bioethics, 12, 5
Audrey R. Chapman and Courtney Scala,
“Evaluating the First-in-Human Clinical Trial of a Human
Embryonic-Based Clinical Therapy, Kennedy Institute of
Ethics Journal 22, 3 (2012): 243-261.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Addressing the Ethical
Challenges of First-in-Human Trials,” Journal of
Clinical Research and Bioethics, 2 (2011): 113.doc.
Ted Schrecker, Audrey Chapman, Ronald
Labonte, and Roberto De Vogli, “Human Rights Against the
Global Marketplace,” Social Science and Medicine,
73 (2011): 629-631.
Audrey R. Chapman and Benjamin Carbonneti, “Human Rights Protections for Vulnerable and Disadvantaged Groups: The Contribution of the UN Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights,”
Human Rights Quarterly, 33, 3)(August 2011): 682-732.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Missed Opportunities: The Human Rights Gap in the Report of the Commission on Social Determinants,”
Journal of Human Rights 10, 2 (2011): 132-150.
James F. X. Egan, Winston A. Campbell, Audrey Chapman, et. al., “Distortions of sex ratios at birth in the United States; evidence for prenatal gender selection,”
Prenatal Diagnosis 31, 6 (June 2011): 560-565.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Human Dignity, Bioethics, and Human Rights,”
Amsterdam Law Forum, 3 (1), 2011: 3-12.
Audrey R. Chapman,” The Social Determinants of Health, Health Equity, and Human Rights,”
Health and Human Rights, 12, 2 (2010): 17-30.
Ted Schrecker, Audrey Chapman, Ronald Labonte, and Roberto De Vogli,
“Advancing health equity in the global marketplace: How human
rights can help,” Social Science and Medicine 71(2010):
Audrey R. Chapman, “Human Dignity, Human Rights, and Transhumanism,”
American Journal of Bioethics, 10:7 (2010), 61-63.
Peter A. Benn and Audrey R. Chapman, “Ethical challenges in providing noninvasive prenatal diagnosis,”
Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 22 (2010): 128-134
Audrey R. Chapman, “Towards an Understanding of the Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress and Its Applications,”
Journal of Human Rights, (2009) 8 (1) 1-36
Audrey R. Chapman, “Globalization, Human Rights, and the Social Determinants of Health,
Bioethics, 23.Feb 2009: 97-111
Audrey R. Chapman, “The Ethics of Patenting Human
Embryonic Stem Cells,” Kennedy Institute Journal of Ethics,
19 (September 2009), in press.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Interpreting the Right to Health,
International Studies Association Compendium, in
Peter A. Benn and Audrey R. Chapman, “Practical and
Ethical Considerations of Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnosis,”
JAMA, 301, May 27, 2009: 2154-2156.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Towards an Understanding of the
Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress and Its
Applications,” Journal of Human Rights, 8 (1) 1-36.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Globalization, Human Rights, and
the Social Determinants of Health, Bioethics, 23
(February 2009): 97-111.
Audrey R. Chapman and Anne Hiskes, “Unscrambling the
Eggs: Cybrid Research through an ESCRO Lens,” American
Journal of Bioethics, 8 (December 2008): 44-46.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Religious Perspectives on Health
Care Reform,” Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics,
28 (fall/winter 2008): 205-221.
Audrey R. Chapman, “DTC Consumer Marketing of Genetic
Tests: The Perfect Storm” American Journal of Bioethics,
8 (June 2008): 8-10.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Truth Commissions and Inter-Group Forgiveness: The Case of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission,” Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. 13, No. 1 (winter 2007).
Amanda Brewster, Audrey Chapman, and Stephen Hansen, “Facilitating Humanitarian Access to Pharmaceutical and Agricultural Innovation,” Innovation Strategy Today, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2005, pp. 203-216; reprinted in UNCTAD’s African Technology Development Forum.
Timothy Caulfield and Audrey R. Chapman, “Human Dignity as a Criterion for Science Policy,” PLOS Medicine, Vol. 2, Issue 8 (August 2005), pp. 0101-0103.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Ethical Implications of Prolonged Lives,” Theology Today 60 (January 2004), pp. 479-496.
Audrey R. Chapman, “Should We Design Our Descendants?” Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics, 23 (Fall/Winter 2003), pp. 199-224.
Audrey R. Chapman, “The Human Rights Implications of Intellectual Property Protection,” Journal of International Economic Law, 5 (December 2002), pp. 861-882.
Mark S. Frankel and Audrey R. Chapman, “Genetic Technologies: Facing Inheritable Genetic Modifications,” Science, 292, 18 May 2001, pp. 1303-1304.
Mark S. Frankel, and Audrey R. Chapman, Human Inheritable Genetic Modification: Assessing Scientific, Ethical, Religious and Policy Implications, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2000.
Audrey R. Chapman, Mark S. Frankel, and Michelle Garfinkel, Stem Cell Research and Applications: Monitoring the Frontiers of Biomedical Research, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1999.
Division of Public Health Law & Bioethics
Department of Community Medicine and Health Care
University of Connecticut Health Center
263 Farmington Avenue, MC 6325
Farmington, CT 06030-6325
Phone: (860) 679-1590
Fax: (860) 679-5464